The yurt, jurta, Yurt or also called Ger in Mongolia, was born as a transportable mobile home of the nomadic peoples of Central Asia,
devoted to the breeding of horses, camels and yaks but also sheep and goats; accustomed to move according to the different seasons many times during the year and to produce the materials for the construction of the yurt, including cordage and felts, using the barter with the neighboring peoples in exchange for wood to build. This type of circular dwelling is very old and
it is found in different places on Earth with a common denominator: practicality, the ease of construction and safety and protection from atmospheric agents also rigid: the circle wraps and protects, and the walls of wool are a good insulator.
The elements that characterize this small mobile home are lightness and ease & agrave; assembly and disassembly
have allowed over the centuries to refine and make the yurt a true architectural structure where every wood, every string, every tension is used; it has been expertly designed to make it a safe and welcoming home, easy to transport and build; and the materials that compose it derive from the nomadic lifestyle dedicated to breeding: ropes obtained from horsehair and the felt coverings from wool to sheep.
This ancient method of felted wool among the communities; Steppes consist in wetting the wool and rolling it around a pole, wrapping it in the skin of yaks and dragging it behind a galloping horse ... This process was used to compress the wool fibers into a hard and strong felt..
The Greek historian Herodotus wrote of yurts used by the Scythian people around 440 BC. The Scythians were nomads of the land that surrounded the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea.
The Italian explorer Marco Polo described in detail these Gers used by the Mongols in the period in which he lived with them, between 1274 and 1291: observ & ograve; the way of life of the nomadic peoples of Mongolia and took note of their sturdy and round tents made of long woods and felts that carried on the wagons
The Mongolian chief Genghis Khan comand & ograve; his whole empire from a great Ger. That empire extended throughout Central Asia, from the Korean peninsula to the east, through China, Tibet and Iran in the southwest, through Georgia and Russia in the north.
Also the simplicity & agrave; of the used shape of the circle has a meaning:
the geometry is reconnected to the symbolism of the Buddhist tradition, the Circle and the wheel of Dharma, the Chakras and the Mandala as central design
centuries the yurt went to made carrier.
image of a historical yurt among the many interior colors, tapestries and typical furnishings.
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